Sulfur odor from a UPS battery back up is dangerous to your health

By Stephen Pate – Using a UPS batter backup for your office or home office computer comes with the health risks from exposure to hydrogen sulfide and sulfur gas.

Ignoring the risk can cause throat irritation, headaches and even death. In my case it gave me a sore throat that led to the worst cold in years.

From power outage to me outage

I’d been using battery powered interruptibility power supplies (UPS) at work for decades. I thought nothing of  buying a new one two weeks ago.

I hooked it up and Windows 7 immediately recognized it as a UPS and added a monitoring icon in the tray. Within only one day, we had a power spike and dropout that killed everything but my desktop. It seemed like a wise purchase.

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I noticed a sharp sulfuric acid smell that grew stronger each day. It wasn’t the rotten egg smell. It was sulfuric acid. I checked the UPS, which uses sealed lead-acid batteries. They weren’t leaking. I emailed APC the manufacturer of the UPS.

“I installed an XS900 ups backup one week ago. There was a smell of sulfur immediately on taking the ups out of the box. I thought is was the new cardboard smell. It has been getting stronger every day. Today my throat is raw and the air in my office is pungent.  Is this normal for the unit to vaporize odors?  What is the solution?”

In the meantime, I got a pounding headache, my throat went from raw to sealed shut. I took the initiative and moved the UPS out of my office to the garage. Then I put myself to bed. I was sick. My fever went to 102 before it broke. I still have a hacking cough and hope to be better soon.

APC responds

The next day APC replied with 9 questions but no recommendation to remove the UPS from the work area.

According to their bulletin, the issue is with “rotten egg” odors.

Hydrogen Sulfide Gas
People sometime complain of a bad, “rotten egg” smell or tingling of the nose after a thermal event. That is most likely caused by hydrogen sulfide (H2S ) gas. Darkening of copper battery terminals is also an indication of H2S . Thermal runaway does not always expel H2S. The exact mechanism is unknown. H2S is
common in nature, frequently as a result of rotting vegetation or animal manure. The human nose can detect H2S at levels as low as 0.005 to 0.02 parts per million (ppm). The Illinois Dept. of Public Health describes that as “the same as a thimble full of hydrogen sulfide gas in a theater full of air. 7 The National
Institute of Environmental Health Sciences says H2S can be detected at about 1/400 of the threshold for harmful human effects. The US Government says that 20 ppm is the acceptable ceiling for daily 8-hour exposure. 8 OSHA allows a maximum 50 ppm for 10 minutes acceptable maximum peak above the normal  ceiling.

While there is some evidence of risk from long-term exposure to H2S, there is no evidence of risk from short-term, moderate levels of exposure. Symptoms of exposure include eye, nose and throat irritation, and sometimes headaches. At extreme concentrations serious illness or death can result. For exposures below 250 ppm, recovery occurs quickly if exposure to H2S is brief, and there should be no long-lasting effects.

Because the amount of H2S given off during a VRLA thermal event is so tiny, the risk is usually insignificant. H2S can be detected well before it is harmful. However, when H2S is detected it is prudent to ventilate the room and/or exit the area. APC

There are generic warnings in other bulletins about venting.

Use of a battery powered UPS in a home or small office setting may not be health wise. The UPS went back yesterday to Staples which was my first time outside in 8 days.